District Councils
CAMPFIRE begins when a rural community, through its elected representative body, the Rural District Council, asks the government's wildlife department to grant them the legal authority to manage its wildlife resources, and demonstrates its capacity to do so. By granting people control over their resources, CAMPFIRE makes wildlife valuable to local communities because it is an economically and ecologically sound land use. The projects these communities devise to take advantage of this new-found value vary from district to district.
Most communities sell photographic or hunting concessions to tour operators - under rules and hunting quotas established in consultation with the wildlife department. Others choose to hunt or crop animal populations themselves, and many are looking at other resources, such as forest products.
The revenues from these efforts generally go directly to households, which decide how to use the money, often opting for communal efforts such as grinding mills or other development projects. The councils, however, have the right to levy these revenues.

 

District

Revenue*

Activities

Projects

Beitbridge

2

Hunting, Fishing

 

Bindura

1

Tourism

Paradise Pools Day Centre

Binga

3

Hunting, Tourism

Binga Cultural Village, Masumu River Lodge

Bubi

1

 

 

Buhera

1

 

 

Bulilima

2

Hunting, Mopane worms

Mopane worms processing and harvesting

Chimanimani

1

Tourism

Lodge, ornithology

Chipinge

2

Hunting

Chilo & Mahenye lodges

Chiredzi

1

Hunting

 

Gokwe North

3

Hunting

 

Gokwe South

2

Hunting

 

Goromonzi

1

Tourism

 

Guruve

3

Hunting, Tourism

Karunga, Masoka Camps

Gwanda

1

 

 

Hurungwe

3

Hunting, Tourism

Sanyati Lodge

Hwange

2

Hunting, Fishing

Gorges River Lodge, Cheziya Fishing Camps

Kusile

1

 

 

Mangwe

2

Hunting

 

Marondera

1

 

 

Matobo

1

Tourism

CJ Rhodes Cultural Village, Ntunjambili Day Centre

Mazowe

1

Tourism

Banje Mountain Camping

Mudzi

1

Tourism

Nyatana wilderness

Mutoko

1

Beekeeping

 

Muzarabani

2

Hunting, Tourism

Mavuradona Wilderness

Mwenezi

1

Fisheries

Manyuchi Fisheries

Nyaki

1

 

 

Nyaminyami

3

Hunting

 

Nyanga

1

Tourism

Gairezi Lodges and campsites

Pfura

1

Tourism, Crafts

Pfura Mountains Chalets and Camping Sites, Mukurupahari Bamboo Crafts

Tsholostho

1

 

 

Ump

1

 

 

Umzingwane

1

Tourism

Embizeni Lodges, Mtshabezi Cultural Village

Wedza

1

 

 

* Annual Revenue: 1 = less than US$10,000 per annum, 2 = US$10,000-99,000 per annum, 3 = more than US$100,000 per annum.